3 years ago

Thermodynamic Simulation of the RDX–Aluminum Interface Using ReaxFF Molecular Dynamics

Thermodynamic Simulation of the RDX–Aluminum Interface Using ReaxFF Molecular Dynamics
Jinhua Peng, Fang Du, Andres Jaramillo-Botero, Ning Wang, Tieshan He, Aimin Pang
We use reactive molecular dynamics (RMD) simulations to study the interface between cyclotrimethylene trinitramine (RDX) and aluminum (Al) with different oxide layers to elucidate the effect of nanosized Al on thermal decomposition of RDX. A published ReaxFF force field for C/H/N/O elements was retrained to incorporate Al interactions and then used in RMD simulations to characterize compound energetic materials. We find that the predicted adsorption energies for RDX on the Al(111) surface and the apparent activation energies of RDX and RDX/Al are in agreement with ab initio calculations. The Al(111) surface-assisted decomposition of RDX occurs spontaneously without potential barriers, but the decomposition rate becomes slow when compared with that for RDX powder. We also find that the Al(111) surface with an oxide layer (Al oxide) slightly increases the potential barriers for decomposition of RDX molecules, while α-Al2O3(0001) retards thermal decomposition of RDX, due to the changes in thermal decomposition kinetics. The most likely mechanism for the thermal decomposition of RDX powder is described by the Avrami–Erofeev equation, with n = 3/4, as random nucleation and subsequent growth model. Although the decomposition mechanism of RDX molecules in the RDX/Al matrix complies with three-dimensional diffusion, Jander’s equation for RDX(210)/Al oxide and the Zhuralev–Lesokin–Tempelman (Z-L-T) equation for RDX(210)/Al2O3(0001) provide a more accurate description. We conclude that the origin of these differences in dynamic behavior is due to the variations in the oxide layer morphologies.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03108

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03108

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.