3 years ago

The detection of carbon dioxide leaks using quasi-tomographic laser absorption spectroscopy measurements in variable wind.

Pintar, Dobler, Braun, Blume, Levine, Scott Zaccheo, Pernini
Laser absorption spectroscopy (LAS) has been used over the last several decades for the measurement of trace gasses in the atmosphere. For over a decade, LAS measurements from multiple sources and tens of retroreflectors have been combined with sparse-sample tomography methods to estimate the 2-D distribution of trace gas concentrations and underlying fluxes from point-like sources. In this work, we consider the ability of such a system to detect and estimate the position and rate of a single point leak which may arise as a failure mode for carbon dioxide storage. The leak is assumed to be at a constant rate giving rise to a plume with a concentration and distribution that depend on the wind velocity. We demonstrate the ability of our approach to detect a leak using numerical simulation and also present a preliminary measurement.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-1627-2016

DOI: 10.5194/amt-9-1627-2016

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