3 years ago

Mechanically and Electrically Robust Self-Assembled Monolayers for Large-Area Tunneling Junctions

Mechanically and Electrically Robust Self-Assembled Monolayers for Large-Area Tunneling Junctions
Pavlo Gordiichuk, Theodorus L. Krijger, Saurabh Soni, Xinkai Qiu, Yanxi Zhang, Ryan C. Chiechi, Andreas Herrmann
This paper examines the relationship between mechanical deformation and the electronic properties of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of the oligothiophene 4-([2,2′:5′,2″:5″,2‴-quaterthiophen]-5-yl)butane-1-thiol (T4C4) in tunneling junctions using conductive probe atomic force microscopy (CP-AFM) and eutectic Ga–In (EGaIn). We compared shifts in conductivity, transition voltages of T4C4 with increasing AFM tip loading force to alkanethiolates. While these shifts result from an increasing tilt angle from penetration of the SAM by the AFM tip for the latter, we ascribe them to distortions of the π system present in T4C4, which is more mechanically robust than alkanethiolates of comparable length; SAMs comprising T4C4 shows about five times higher Young’s modulus than alkanethiolates. Density functional theory calculations confirm that mechanical deformations shift the barrier height due to changes in the frontier orbitals caused by small rearrangements to the conformation of the quaterthiophene moiety. The mechanical robustness of T4C4 manifests as an increased tolerance to high bias in large-area EGaIn junctions suggesting that electrostatic pressure plays a significant role in the shorting of molecular junctions at high bias.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03853

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03853

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