5 years ago

Structure, Bonding, and Catalytic Properties of Defect Graphene Coordinated Pd–Ni Nanoparticles

Structure, Bonding, and Catalytic Properties of Defect Graphene Coordinated Pd–Ni Nanoparticles
Hsin-Tsung Chen, Shiuan-Yau Wu
By means of periodic density functional theory calculations, we have investigated the structure, bonding, and catalytic property of defect graphene decorated Pd–Ni nanoparticles. According to systematical structure calculations for Pd–Ni nanoparticle, we found that Pd atoms tend to occupy the positions with lower coordination number and Ni atoms prefer to locate at the position with high coordination number resulting in the formation of core–shell Ni–Pd nanoparticles which agrees with the experimental observation. The lowest-energy Pd6Ni4 and Pd4Ni6 isomers are selected to examine the interaction between Pd–Ni nanoparticle and defect graphene. The adsorption energies are calculated to be −5.26 and −4.22 eV/atom for the Pd6Ni4 and Pd4Ni6 on the defect graphene, respectively. In addition, we found that more Ni–C bonding formation in the interface region could enhance the interaction between Pd–Ni nanoparticle and the defect graphene. Through the analysis of the electronic structures of Pd6Ni4 and Pd4Ni6 on the defect graphene, it is found that by using Ni atoms to combine with the defect site could prevent the electron missing from Pd atoms directly benefit the cluster dispersion without sacrificing the overall catalytic performance. The resulting Pd–Ni/defect graphene catalyst exhibits high activity and selectivity for the formation of formic acid from CO2 and H2.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03827

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03827

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