5 years ago

Tuning the Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Nitrogen-Functionalized Few-Layered Graphene Nanoflakes

Tuning the Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Nitrogen-Functionalized Few-Layered Graphene Nanoflakes
Susanta Sinha Roy, Sweety Sarma, Surbhi Sharma, Way-Faung Pong, Debarati Mazumder, Sekhar C. Ray, André M. Strydom, Yu-Fu Wang, Navneet Soin
In this article, we report the modification of the electronic and magnetic properties of few-layered graphene (FLG) nanoflakes by nitrogen functionalization carried out using radio-frequency plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (rf-PECVD) and electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma processes. Even though the rf-PECVD N2 treatment led to higher N-doping levels in the FLG (4.06 atomic %) as compared to the ECR process (2.18 atomic %), the ferromagnetic behavior of the ECR FLG (118.62 × 10–4 emu/g) was significantly higher than that of the rf-PECVD FLG (0.39 × 10–4 emu/g) and pristine graphene (3.47 × 10–4 emu/g). Although both plasma processes introduce electron-donating N atoms into the graphene structure, distinct dominant nitrogen bonding configurations (pyridinic, pyrrolic) were observed for the two FLG types. Whereas the ECR plasma introduced more sp2-type nitrogen moieties, the rf-PECVD process led to the formation of sp3-coordinated nitrogen functionalities, as confirmed through Raman measurements. The samples were further characterized using X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES), and X-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopies revealed an increased electronic density of states and a significantly higher concentration of pyrrolic groups in the rf-PECVD samples. Because of the formation of reactive edge structures and pyridinic nitrogen moieties, the ECR-functionalized FLG samples exhibited highest saturation magnetization behavior with the lowest field hysteretic features. In comparison, the rf-PECVD samples displayed the lowest saturation magnetization owing to the disappearance of magnetic edge states and formation of stable nonradical-type defects in the pyrrole type structures. Our experimental results thus provide new evidence regarding the control of the magnetic and electronic properties of few-layered graphene nanoflakes through control of the plasma-processing route.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b01645

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b01645

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.