3 years ago

Light-Driven H2 Evolution and CC or CO Bond Hydrogenation by Shewanella oneidensis: A Versatile Strategy for Photocatalysis by Nonphotosynthetic Microorganisms

Light-Driven H2 Evolution and CC or CO Bond Hydrogenation by Shewanella oneidensis: A Versatile Strategy for Photocatalysis by Nonphotosynthetic Microorganisms
Lars J. C. Jeuken, Thomas A. Clarke, Sam F. Rowe, David J. Richardson, Keith W. Waldron, Colin W. J. Lockwood, Julea N. Butt, Adam Elliston, Gwénaëlle Le Gall, Liang Shi, Erwin Reisner, Emma V. Ainsworth, Ian N. Roberts, Jonathan A. Davies
Photocatalytic chemical synthesis by coupling abiotic photosensitizers to purified enzymes provides an effective way to overcome the low conversion efficiencies of natural photosynthesis while exploiting the high catalytic rates and selectivity of enzymes as renewable, earth-abundant electrocatalysts. However, the selective synthesis of multiple products requires more versatile approaches and should avoid the time-consuming and costly processes of enzyme purification. Here we demonstrate a cell-based strategy supporting light-driven H2 evolution or the hydrogenation of C═C and C═O bonds in a nonphotosynthetic microorganism. Methylviologen shuttles photoenergized electrons from water-soluble photosensitizers to enzymes that catalyze H2 evolution and the reduction of fumarate, pyruvate, and CO2 in Shewanella oneidensis. The predominant reaction is selected by the experimental conditions, and the results allow rational development of cell-based strategies to harness nature’s intrinsic catalytic diversity for selective light-driven synthesis of a wide range of products.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b02736

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b02736

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