3 years ago

Possible Mechanism for Hole Conductivity in Cu–As–Te Thermoelectric Glasses: A XANES and EXAFS Study

Possible Mechanism for Hole Conductivity in Cu–As–Te Thermoelectric Glasses: A XANES and EXAFS Study
Soraya Ababou-Girard, Bruno Bureau, Alain Gellé, Angela Trapananti, Catherine Boussard-Pledel, Shuo Cui, Sergio Di Matteo, Carmelo Prestipino, Bhuvanesh Srinivasan
Recently synthesized thermoelectric Cu–As–Te glasses have been analyzed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy, both near-edge (XANES) and in the extended region (EXAFS), in order to shed light on the mechanism at the basis of the huge increase of conductivity, up to 5 orders of magnitude, that was found with Cu doping. Experimental data have been modeled by means of multiple-scattering calculations. Our model suggests that the experimental results can be interpreted in terms of a small charge-transfer from Te to Cu, leading to an unexpected positive valence for Te. Interestingly, on the basis of these findings, a global picture explaining the enhancement of electrical conductivity with Cu doping can be proposed: electrical conductivity is determined by the holes created in nonbonding Te 5p orbitals (lone pair) by Cu acceptors. The critical parameter to increase electrical conductivity is the number of Cu–Te bonds that are formed and not simply the number of Cu atoms.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04555

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04555

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