4 years ago

Impurity Effects on Charging Mechanism and Energy Storage of Nanoporous Supercapacitors

Impurity Effects on Charging Mechanism and Energy Storage of Nanoporous Supercapacitors
Kun Liu, Honglai Liu, Cheng Lian, Jianzhong Wu
Room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) have been widely used as electrolytes to enhance the capacitive performance of electrochemical capacitors also known as supercapacitors. Whereas impurities are ubiquitous in RTILs (e.g., water, alkali salts, and organic solvents), little is known about their influences on the electrochemical behavior of electrochemical devices. In this work, we investigate different impurities in RTILs within the micropores of carbon electrodes via the classical density functional theory (CDFT). We find that under certain conditions impurities can significantly change the charging behavior of electric double layers and the shape of differential capacitance curves even at very low concentrations. More interestingly, an impurity with a strong affinity to the nanopore can increase the energy density beyond a critical charging potential. Our theoretical predictions provide further understanding of how impurity in RTILs affects the performance of supercapacitors.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04869

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04869

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