5 years ago

Synthetic Biology Parts for the Storage of Increased Genetic Information in Cells

Synthetic Biology Parts for the Storage of Increased Genetic Information in Cells
Floyd E. Romesberg, Aaron W. Feldman, Sydney E. Morris
To bestow cells with novel forms and functions, the goal of synthetic biology, we have developed the unnatural nucleoside triphosphates dNaMTP and dTPT3TP, which form an unnatural base pair (UBP) and expand the genetic alphabet. While the UBP may be retained in the DNA of a living cell, its retention is sequence-dependent. We now report a steady-state kinetic characterization of the rate with which the Klenow fragment of E. coli DNA polymerase I synthesizes the UBP and its mispairs in a variety of sequence contexts. Correct UBP synthesis is as efficient as for a natural base pair, except in one sequence context, and in vitro performance is correlated with in vivo performance. The data elucidate the determinants of efficient UBP synthesis, show that the dNaM-dTPT3 UBP is the first generally recognized natural-like base pair, and importantly, demonstrate that dNaMTP and dTPT3TP are well optimized and standardized parts for the expansion of the genetic alphabet.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.7b00115

DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.7b00115

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