3 years ago

Interference of norepinephrine transporter trafficking motif attenuates amphetamine-induced locomotor hyperactivity and conditioned place preference

Amphetamine (AMPH)-mediated norepinephrine transporter (NET) downregulation requires NET-T258/S259 trafficking motif. The present study utilizes cell permeable NET-T258/S259 motif interfering peptide, which blocks AMPH-induced NET downregulation, to explore the role of this form of NET regulation in AMPH-mediated behaviors. In rats receiving intra-accumbal microinjections of TAT-conjugated peptides encompassing NET-T258/S259 motif, acute systemic AMPH failed to inhibit NE transport in the TAT-NET-T258/S259 wild-type (WT) peptide injected hemisphere but not in the vehicle or scrambled peptide injected hemisphere. Acute AMPH-induced hyperactivity was significantly reduced in rats receiving intra-accumbal TAT-NET-T258/S259 WT peptide compared to those receiving intra-accumbal vehicle or TAT-NET-T258A/S259A mutant peptide or corresponding TAT-conjugated scrambled peptide. Basal locomotor activity was not altered by peptide infusions alone. Similarly AMPH-induced locomotor sensitization was significantly reduced in rats receiving intra-accumbal TAT-NET-T258/S259 WT peptide prior to AMPH challenge and not in rats receiving the mutant or scrambled peptide. In conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm, a single bilateral intra-accumbal microinjection of TAT-NET-T258/S259 WT peptide prior to CPP testing significantly reduced AMPH-induced CPP expression. Likewise, a single bilateral intra-accumbal microinjection of TAT-NET-T258/S259 WT peptide prior to drug-challenge significantly attenuated AMPH-primed CPP reinstatement. On the other hand, bilateral intra-accumbal microinjection of scrambled peptide did not affect AMPH-induced CPP expression or reinstatement. These data demonstrate a role for T258/S259-dependent NET regulation in AMPH-induced hyperactivity and sensitization as well as AMPH-induced CPP expression and reinstatement.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0028390817304720

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.