4 years ago

New Prodigiosin Derivatives Obtained by Mutasynthesis in Pseudomonas putida

New Prodigiosin Derivatives Obtained by Mutasynthesis in Pseudomonas putida
Thomas Drepper, Karl-Erich Jaeger, Hannah U. C. Brass, Anita Loeschcke, Andreas S. Klein, Thomas Classen, Sonja Sievers, Luca Laraia, Patrick Bongen, Andreas Domröse, Jörg Pietruszka
The deeply red-colored natural compound prodigiosin is a representative of the prodiginine alkaloid family, which possesses bioactivities as antimicrobial, antitumor, and antimalarial agents. Various bacteria including the opportunistic human pathogen Serratia marcescens and different members of the Streptomycetaceae and Pseudoalteromonadaceae produce prodiginines. In addition, these microbes generally accumulate many structurally related alkaloids making efficient prodiginine synthesis and purification difficult and expensive. Furthermore, it is known that structurally different natural prodiginine variants display differential bioactivities. In the herein described mutasynthesis approach, 13 different derivatives of prodigiosin were obtained utilizing the GRAS (generally recognized as safe) classified strain Pseudomonas putida KT2440. Genetic engineering of the prodigiosin pathway together with incorporation of synthetic intermediates thus resulted in the formation of a so far unprecedented structural diversity of new prodiginine derivatives in P. putida. Furthermore, the formed products allow reliable conclusions regarding the substrate specificity of PigC, the final condensing enzyme in the prodigiosin biosynthesis pathway of S. marcescens. The biological activity of prodigiosin toward modulation of autophagy was preserved in prodiginine derivatives. One prodiginine derivative displayed more potent autophagy inhibitory activity than the parent compound or the synthetic clinical candidate obatoclax.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.7b00099

DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.7b00099

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.