5 years ago

In Vitro Metabolic Engineering of Amorpha-4,11-diene Biosynthesis at Enhanced Rate and Specific Yield of Production

In Vitro Metabolic Engineering of Amorpha-4,11-diene Biosynthesis at Enhanced Rate and Specific Yield of Production
Gregory Stephanopoulos, Congqiang Zhang, Ruiyang Zou, Xixian Chen, Heng-Phon Too
In vitro metabolic engineering is an alternative approach to cell-based biosynthesis. It offers unprecedented flexibility for the study of biochemical pathways, thus providing useful information for the rational design and assembly of reaction modules. Herein, we took the advantage of in vitro metabolic engineering to initially gain insight into the regulatory network of a reconstituted amorpha-4,11-diene (AD) synthetic pathway. Guided by lin-log approximation, we rapidly identified the hitherto unrecognized inhibition of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) on both farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (FPPS) and amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS). Furthermore, the byproduct, pyrophosphate (PPi), potently inhibits ADS, but not FPPS. To lower the inhibition, an ATP recycling system and pyrophosphatase were used and resulted in a significant (∼3-fold) enhancement in the rate of AD production (∼5.7 μmol L–1 min–1). A coimmobilized multienzyme reaction system was then developed to recycle the enzymes. When inhibitory metabolites concentrations were reduced, the specific enzymatic yield of AD was further enhanced (>6-fold). This study demonstrated that mitigating the accumulation of inhibitory metabolites can result in higher yields of AD production by in vitro multienzymatic reactions.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.6b00377

DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.6b00377

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