3 years ago

Bacterial Genome Editing via a Designed Toxin–Antitoxin Cassette

Bacterial Genome Editing via a Designed Toxin–Antitoxin Cassette
Aihua Deng, Zhaopeng Sun, Qian Liu, Tingyi Wen, Yong Liang, Yongsheng Che, Xiuling Shang, Shuwen Liu, Yun Zhang, Jie Wu, Hua Bai, Qinyun Sun
Manipulating the bacterial genomes in an efficient manner is essential to biological and biotechnological research. Here, we reprogrammed the bacterial TA systems as the toxin counter-selectable cassette regulated by an antitoxin switch (TCCRAS) for genetic modifications in the extensively studied and utilized Gram-positive bacteria, B. subtilis and Corynebacterium glutamicum. In the five characterized type II TA systems, the RelBE complex can specifically and efficiently regulate cell growth and death by the conditionally controlled antitoxin RelB switch, thereby serving as a novel counter-selectable cassette to establish the TCCRAS system. Using a single vector, such a system has been employed to perform in-frame deletion, functional knock-in, gene replacement, precise point mutation, large-scale insertion, and especially, deletion of the fragments up to 194.9 kb in B. subtilis. In addition, the biosynthesis of lycopene was first achieved in B. subtilis using TCCRAS to integrate a 5.4-kb fusion cluster (PspaccrtIcrtEcrtB). The system was further adapted for gene knockdown and replacement, and large-scale deletion of the fragments up to 179.8 kb in C. glutamicum, with the mutation efficiencies increased by 0.8–1.0-fold compared to the conventional SacB method. TCCRAS thus holds promise as an effective and versatile genome-scale engineering technology for metabolic engineering and synthetic genomics research in a broad range of the Gram-positive bacteria.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.6b00287

DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.6b00287

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.