5 years ago

Surface Desorption Dielectric-Barrier Discharge Ionization Mass Spectrometry

Surface Desorption Dielectric-Barrier Discharge Ionization Mass Spectrometry
Hong You, Na Li, Jie Jiang, Hong Zhang, Jing He, Ming Li, Yingying Wang
A variant of dielectric-barrier discharge named surface desorption dielectric-barrier discharge ionization (SDDBDI) mass spectrometry was developed for high-efficiency ion transmission and high spatial resolution imaging. In SDDBDI, a tungsten nanotip and the inlet of the mass spectrometer are used as electrodes, and a piece of coverslip is used as a sample plate as well as an insulating dielectric barrier, which simplifies the configuration of instrument and thus the operation. Different from volume dielectric-barrier discharge (VDBD), the microdischarges are generated on the surface at SDDBDI, and therefore the plasma density is extremely high. Analyte ions are guided directly into the MS inlet without any deflection. This configuration significantly improves the ion transmission efficiency and thus the sensitivity. The dependence of sensitivity and spatial resolution of the SDDBDI on the operation parameters were systematically investigated. The application of SDDBDI was successfully demonstrated by analysis of multiple species including amino acids, pharmaceuticals, putative cancer biomarkers, and mixtures of both fatty acids and hormones. Limits of detection (S/N = 3) were determined to be 0.84 and 0.18 pmol, respectively, for the analysis of l-alanine and metronidazole. A spatial resolution of 22 μm was obtained for the analysis of an imprinted cyclophosphamide pattern, and imaging of a “T” character was successfully demonstrated under ambient conditions. These results indicate that SDDBDI has high-efficiency ion transmission, high sensitivity, and high spatial resolution, which render it a potential tool for mass spectrometry imaging.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00323

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00323

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