5 years ago

Simultaneous Measurements of Mass and Collisional Cross-Section of Single Ions with Charge Detection Mass Spectrometry

Simultaneous Measurements of Mass and Collisional Cross-Section of Single Ions with Charge Detection Mass Spectrometry
Conner C. Harper, Evan R. Williams, Haw-Wei Lin, Andrew G. Elliott, Zijie Xia, Anna C. Susa
The masses and mobilities of single multiply charged ions of cytochrome c, ubiquitin, myoglobin, and bovine serum albumin formed by electrospray ionization are measured using charge detection mass spectrometry (CDMS). Single ions are trapped and repeatedly measured as they oscillate inside an electrostatic ion trap with cone electrodes for up to the maximum trapping time set at 500 ms. The histograms of the many single ion oscillation frequencies have resolved peaks that correspond to the different charge states of each protein. The m/z of each ion is determined from the initial oscillation frequency histogram, and the evolution of the ion energy with time is obtained from the changing frequency. A short-time Fourier transform of the time-domain data indicates that the increase in ion frequency occurs gradually with time with occasional sudden jumps in frequency. The frequency jumps are similar for each protein and may be caused by collision-induced changes in the ion trajectory. The rate of the gradual frequency shift increases with protein mass and charge state. This gradual frequency change is due to ion energy loss from collisions with the background gas. The total energy lost by an ion is determined from the latter frequency shifts normalized to a 500 ms lifetime, and these values increase nearly linearly with measured collisional cross-sections for these protein ions. These results show that the mass and collisional cross-section of single multiply charged ions can be obtained from these CDMS measurements by using proteins with known collisional cross-sections for calibration.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01675

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01675

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