5 years ago

Lateral Flow Aptasensor for Small Molecule Targets Exploiting Adsorption and Desorption Interactions on Gold Nanoparticles

Lateral Flow Aptasensor for Small Molecule Targets Exploiting Adsorption and Desorption Interactions on Gold Nanoparticles
Shalen Kumar, Justin M. Hodgkiss, Omar A. Alsager
A lateral flow assay (LFA) can provide a rapid and cost-effective means to detect targets in situ; however, existing LFA formats (predominantly sandwich assays) are not suitable for small molecule targets. We present a new LFA design that probes the dissociation of aptamers from the surface of gold nanoparticles upon recognition of small targets. The target-induced removal of aptamer molecules from the surface of the colored particles results in the particles being captured on a test line comprised of the protein bovine serum albumin immobilized on nitrocellulose. On the other hand, in the absence of target, aptamer coated particles are protected from capture on the test line and are instead captured at a control line comprised of the protein lysozyme. This protein is strongly positively charged under measurement conditions and therefore captures all gold nanoparticles regardless of the presence of aptamers. The effectiveness and operation mechanism of this simply fabricated sensor was demonstrated by using a previously reported 35-mer aptamer for a small molecule, 17β-estradiol. The sensor exhibited nanomolar level of detection, excellent selectivity against potential interfering molecules, and robust operation in natural river water samples. The simplicity and performance of the sensor platform renders it applicable to a wide range of other aptamers targeting small molecules, as we demonstrated with a novel bisphenol A aptamer. Additionally, we show that our LFA design is not confined to the specific proteins used as test and control lines, provided that their charge is appropriate to modulate the interaction with aptamer-coated or bare nanoparticles.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00906

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00906

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