4 years ago

Photocatalysis-Based Nanoprobes Using Noble Metal–Semiconductor Heterostructure for Visible Light-Driven in Vivo Detection of Mercury

Photocatalysis-Based Nanoprobes Using Noble Metal–Semiconductor Heterostructure for Visible Light-Driven in Vivo Detection of Mercury
Baodui Wang, Hao Wang, Xiaofan Zeng, Jun Hai, Lihua Zhi, Xiangliang Yang, Yanhong Zhu
The development of sensitive and reliable methods to monitor the presence of mercuric ions in cells and organisms is of great importance to biological research and biomedical applications. In this work, we propose a strategy to construct a solar-driven nanoprobe using a 3D Au@MoS2 heterostructure as a photocatalyst and rhodamine B (RB) as a fluorescent and color change reporter molecule for monitoring Hg2+ in living cells and animals. The sensing mechanism is based on the photoinduced electron formation of gold amalgam in the 3D Au@MoS2 heterostructure under visible light illumination. This formation is able to remarkably inhibit the photocatalytic activity of the heterostructure toward RB decomposition. As a result, “OFF–ON” fluorescence and color change are produced. Such characteristics enable this new sensing platform to sensitively and selectively detect Hg2+ in water by fluorescence and colorimetric methods. The detection limits of the fluorescence assay and colorimetric assay are 0.22 and 0.038 nM for Hg2+, respectively; these values are well below the acceptable limits in drinking water standards (10 nM). For the first time, such photocatalysis-based sensing platform is successfully used to monitor Hg2+ in live cells and mice. Our work therefore opens a promising photocatalysis-based analysis methodology for highly sensitive and selective in vivo Hg2+ bioimaging studies.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01602

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01602

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