3 years ago

Liver-directed gene therapy for murine glycogen storage disease type Ib.

Mansfield, Starost, Lee, Chou, Anduaga, Kwon, Kim, Cho
Glycogen storage disease type-Ib (GSD-Ib), deficient in the glucose-6-phosphate transporter (G6PT), is characterized by impaired glucose homeostasis, myeloid dysfunction, and long-term risk of hepatocellular adenoma (HCA). We examined the efficacy of G6PT gene therapy in G6pt-/- mice using recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors, directed by either the G6PC or the G6PT promoter/enhancer. Both vectors corrected hepatic G6PT deficiency in murine GSD-Ib but the G6PC promoter/enhancer was more efficacious. Over a 78-week study, using dose titration of the rAAV vectors, we showed that G6pt-/- mice expressing 3-62% of normal hepatic G6PT activity exhibited a normalized liver phenotype. Two of the 12 mice expressing < 6% of normal hepatic G6PT activity developed HCA. All treated mice were leaner and more sensitive to insulin than wild-type mice. Mice expressing 3-22% of normal hepatic G6PT activity exhibited higher insulin sensitivity than mice expressing 44-62%. The levels of insulin sensitivity correlated with the magnitudes of hepatic carbohydrate response element binding protein signaling activation. In summary, we established the threshold of hepatic G6PT activity required to prevent tumor formation and showed that mice expressing 3-62% of normal hepatic G6PT activity maintained glucose homeostasis and were protected against age-related obesity and insulin resistance.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddx325

DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddx325

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