5 years ago

Proton-Fueled, Reversible DNA Hybridization Chain Assembly for pH Sensing and Imaging

Proton-Fueled, Reversible DNA Hybridization Chain Assembly for pH Sensing and Imaging
Li-Juan Tang, Na Li, Jian-Hui Jiang, Zhi-Mei Huang, Jin-Wen Liu, Lan Liu, Han Wu
Design of DNA self-assembly with reversible responsiveness to external stimuli is of great interest for diverse applications. We for the first time develop a pH-responsive, fully reversible hybridization chain reaction (HCR) assembly that allows sensitive sensing and imaging of pH in living cells. Our design relies on the triplex forming sequences that form DNA triplex with toehold regions under acidic conditions and then induce a cascade of strand displacement and DNA assembly. The HCR assembly has shown dynamic responses in physiological pH ranges with excellent reversibility and demonstrated the potential for in vitro detection and live-cell imaging of pH. Moreover, this method affords HCR assemblies with highly localized fluorescence responses, offering advantages of improving sensitivity and better selectivity. The proton-fueled, reversible HCR assembly may provide a useful approach for pH-related cell biology study and disease diagnostics.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01843

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01843

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