5 years ago

Aqueous Ligand-Stabilized Palladium Nanoparticle Catalysts for Parahydrogen-Induced 13C Hyperpolarization

Aqueous Ligand-Stabilized Palladium Nanoparticle Catalysts for Parahydrogen-Induced 13C Hyperpolarization
Louis-S. Bouchard, Kristofer L. Marsh, Alexander M. Grunfeld, Yavuz N. Ertas, Jeffrey McCormick, Shawn Wagner, Akash N. Biswas, Stefan Glöggler
Parahydrogen-induced polarization (PHIP) is a method for enhancing NMR sensitivity. The pairwise addition of parahydrogen in aqueous media by heterogeneous catalysts can lead to applications in chemical and biological systems. Polarization enhancement can be transferred from 1H to 13C for longer lifetimes by using zero field cycling. In this work, water-dispersible N-acetylcysteine- and l-cysteine-stabilized palladium nanoparticles are introduced, and carbon polarizations up to 2 orders of magnitude higher than in previous aqueous heterogeneous PHIP systems are presented. P13C values of 1.2 and 0.2% are achieved for the formation of hydroxyethyl propionate from hydroxyethyl acrylate and ethyl acetate from vinyl acetate, respectively. Both nanoparticle systems are easily synthesized in open air, and TEM indicates an average size of 2.4 ± 0.6 nm for NAC@Pd and 2.5 ± 0.8 nm for LCys@Pd nanoparticles with 40 and 25% ligand coverage determined by thermogravimetric analysis, respectively. As a step toward biological relevance, results are presented for the unprotected amino acid allylglycine upon aqueous hydrogenation of propargylglycine.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01363

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01363

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