4 years ago

Detection of Biosynthetic Precursors, Discovery of Glycosylated Forms, and Homeostasis of Calcitonin in Human Cancer Cells

Detection of Biosynthetic Precursors, Discovery of Glycosylated Forms, and Homeostasis of Calcitonin in Human Cancer Cells
Feihua Cao, Chen Gu, Christopher J. Easton, Joanna Howes, James E. Hennessy, Hideki Onagi, Allan B. Gamble, Jeremy A. M. Morgan
The peptide hormone calcitonin is intimately connected with human cancer development and proliferation. Its biosynthesis is reasoned to proceed via glycine-, α-hydroxyglycine-, glycyllysine-, and glycyllysyllysine-extended precursors; however, as a result of the limitations of current analytical methods, until now, there has been no procedure capable of detecting these individual species in cell or tissue samples. Therefore, their presence and dynamics in cancer had not been established. Here, we report the first methodology for the separation, detection, and quantification of calcitonin and each of its precursors in human cancer cells. We also report the discovery and characterization of O-glycosylated calcitonin and its analogous biosynthetic precursors. Through direct and simultaneous analysis of the glycosylated and nonglycosylated species, we interrogate the hormone biosynthesis. This shows that the cellular calcitonin level is maintained to mitigate effects of biosynthetic enzyme inhibitors that substantially change the proportions of calcitonin-related species released into the culture medium.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00457

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00457

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