3 years ago

Drastic site-preparation is key for the successful reintroduction of the endangered grassland species Jurinea cyanoides

Reintroducing endangered plant species is an important conservation strategy. However, only a few studies evaluate their long-term reintroduction success. Because such information is vital for understanding the success and failure of species reintroductions, we conducted a seven-year reintroduction experiment with Jurinea cyanoides, an endangered xeric sandy grassland species. We tested Jurinea seed sowing combined with three treatments (mowing, top soil inversion, and top soil inversion with sod cuttings) on two sites with different nutrient status, applying a Latin-Square design. We compared germination, seedling survival and reproduction success between treatments and sites using GLMs and resampling methods. Reintroduction success in different population stages varied across treatments, sites and over time, revealing the most successful treatment only after some years. Jurinea germinated in all plots, but almost no plants survived in control and mown plots. A first generation established successfully in both inversion treatments, but with fewer plants on the nutrient-poorer site. However, subsequent generative and vegetative reproduction was higher in this site than on the nutrient-richer site. Between the two inversion treatments, that with only top soil inversion was more successful, since species introduced by sod cuttings hampered the population growth of Jurinea. We conclude that a radical elimination of competing species and removal of top soil is mandatory for a successful reintroduction of this rare species. The fact that site conditions that were most suitable for the first generation did not continue to facilitate population growth in the following years underlines the importance of long-term monitoring of reintroduction experiments.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0006320717307851

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.