5 years ago

CO2-Responsive Polymer Single-Chain Nanoparticles and Self-Assembly for Gas-Tunable Nanoreactors

CO2-Responsive Polymer Single-Chain Nanoparticles and Self-Assembly for Gas-Tunable Nanoreactors
Bing Yu, Farhad Farnia, Xia Tong, Yue Zhao, Weizheng Fan
CO2-responsive polymer single-chain nanoparticles (SCNPs) and self-assembled micellar aggregates are investigated as gas-controlled, rate- and size-tunable nanoreactors of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). On one hand, SCNPs are prepared from a random copolymer of poly{(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-co-4-methyl-[7-(methacryloyl)oxy-ethyl-oxy]coumarin} (P(DMAEMA-co-CMA)). When dispersed in aqueous solution, individual nanoparticles can undergo reversible swelling/shrinking under alternating CO2/N2 stimulation as a result of the reversible protonation/deprotonation of tertiary amine groups. On the other hand, tadpole-like single-chain “Janus” nanoparticles (SCJNPs) are prepared using an amphiphilic diblock copolymer of PS-b-P(DMAEMA-co-CMA) (PS is hydrophobic polystyrene). This type of SCJNPs can self-assemble into core–shell micellar aggregates in aqueous solution. Under CO2/N2 stimulation, the collective swelling/shrinking of SCJNPs within the micelle results in large, reversible volume change. Both P(DMAEMA-co-CMA) SCNPs and PS-b-P(DMAEMA-co-CMA) SCJNP micelles are explored as gas-tunable nanoreactors for AuNPs. The rate of AuNP formation increases under CO2 stimulation and decreases upon N2 bubbling, which makes it possible to tune the reaction rate up and down (on/off switching) by using the two gases. Moreover, using the micelles of SCJNPs, whose volume can be controlled over a wide range by adjusting the CO2 stimulation strength, variable-size AuNPs and their aggregates are obtained with continuous redshift of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) into the long-wavelength visible light region.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b01656

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b01656

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