5 years ago

Synthesis of Air-Stable CdSe/ZnS Core–Shell Nanoplatelets with Tunable Emission Wavelength

Synthesis of Air-Stable CdSe/ZnS Core–Shell Nanoplatelets with Tunable Emission Wavelength
Iwan Moreels, Rosaria Brescia, Guillaume H. V. Bertrand, Ali Hossain Khan, Anatolii Polovitsyn, Beatriz Martín-García, José L. Movilla, Zhiya Dang
In the past few years, several protocols have been reported on the synthesis of CdSe nanoplatelets with narrow photoluminescence (PL) spectrum, high PL quantum efficiency, and short exciton lifetime. The corresponding core/shell nanoplatelets are however still mostly based on CdSe/CdS, which possess an extended lifetime and a strong red shift of the band-edge absorption and emission, in accordance with a quasi-type-II band alignment. Here we report on a robust synthesis procedure to grow a ZnS shell around CdSe nanoplatelets at moderate temperatures of 100–150 °C, to improve the optical properties of CdSe nanoplatelets via a type-I core/shell heterostructure. The shell growth is performed under ambient atmosphere, in either toluene or 1,2-dichlorobenzene. The variation of the shell thickness induces a continuous red shift of the PL peak, eventually reaching 611 nm. The PL quantum efficiency is increased compared to the original CdSe cores, with values up to 60% depending on the shell thickness. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals a bending of the nanoplatelets caused by strain due to 12% lattice mismatch between CdSe and ZnS. The present procedure can easily be translated to other core/shell nanocrystals, such as CdSe/CdS and CdSe/CdZnS nanoplatelets.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b01513

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b01513

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