5 years ago

Two-Step Nucleation of CdS Magic-Size Nanocluster MSC–311

Two-Step Nucleation of CdS Magic-Size Nanocluster MSC–311
John A. Ripmeester, Kui Yu, Shuo Han, Tingting Zhu, Nelson Rowell, Jing Zhang, Jiao Lu, Baowei Zhang, Hongsong Fan
Nucleation has been generally acknowledged as a rapid but uncontrollable process that is difficult to decouple from the subsequent growth phase. Here, we report our finding that nucleation of semiconductor magic-size clusters (MSCs) can be well-regulated, without a subsequent evolution in size. Colloidal semiconductor CdS MSCs were synthesized by a two-step approach intentionally designed, without the simultaneous formation of nanocrystals of other sizes. The nuclei MSCs exhibit a sharp optical absorption peaking at 311 nm and are thus denoted by MSC–311. We prepared the immediate precursor for MSC–311 denoted by IP311 which is liquid-like, through a reaction which was normally performed to grow CdS conventional quantum dots (QDs), but at a different temperature (180 °C) prior to the nucleation and growth of CdS QDs. We demonstrate that the nucleation of MSC–311 from IP311 followed first order kinetics remarkably well, and the presence of a small amount of methanol accelerated this process effectively. Moreover, the liquid-like prenucleation cluster IP311 and the nuclei MSC–311 have similar masses. Accordingly, we propose that the intramolecular reorganization of IP311 results in the nuclei MSC–311, the formation of which features a two-step nucleation pathway. The present study introduces methodology via absorption spectroscopy to monitor the nucleation kinetics of semiconductor MSCs from their immediate precursors. The repeatable, predictable, and controllable nucleation process investigated here brings a deeper insight into nucleation of other semiconductor nanocrystals and contributes to the foundation for the future development of advanced theoretical models for crystal nucleation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02014

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02014

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.