3 years ago

Transcriptome-Based Identification of the Optimal Reference CHO Genes for Normalisation of qPCR Data

Transcriptome-Based Identification of the Optimal Reference CHO Genes for Normalisation of qPCR Data
Suzanne Gibson, David C. James, Diane Hatton, Adam J. Brown
Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) is the standard method for determination of relative changes in mRNA transcript abundance. Analytical accuracy, precision and reliability are critically dependent on the selection of internal control reference genes. In this study, the authors have identified optimal reference genes that can be utilised universally for qPCR analysis of CHO cell mRNAs. Initially, transcriptomic datasets were analysed to identify eight endogenous genes that exhibited high expression stability across four distinct CHO cell lines sampled in different culture phases. The relative transcript abundance of each gene in 20 diverse, commonly applied experimental conditions was then determined by qPCR analysis. Utilizing GeNorm, BestKeeper and NormFinder algorithms, the authors identified four mRNAs (Gnb1, Fkbp1a, Tmed2 and Mmadhc) that exhibited a highly stable level of expression across all conditions, validating their utility as universally applicable reference genes. Whilst any combination of only two genes can be generally used for normalisation of qPCR data, the authors show that specific combinations of reference genes are particularly suited to discrete experimental conditions. In summary, the authors report the identification of fully validated universal reference genes, optimised primer sequences robust to genomic mutations and simple reference gene pair selection guidelines that enable streamlined qPCR analyses of mRNA abundance in CHO cells with maximum accuracy and precision. Real-time qPCR is the standard method for determination of relative changes in mRNA transcript abundance, where analytical accuracy, precision, and reliability are critically dependent on the selection of internal control reference genes. In this study, the authors identify endogenous CHO cell genes that exhibit high expression stability across twenty diverse, commonly-applied experimental conditions. These fully-validated, optimal reference genes can be utilized universally for qPCR analyses of CHO cell mRNAs, enabling highly-accurate and streamlined quantification of gene expression.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/biot.201700259

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