5 years ago

Methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid are able to modify cell wall but only salicylic acid alters biomass digestibility in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon

In addition to playing a key role in the response to environmental changes, cell walls are also considered as a valuable feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. Here we explored the effects of the stress-response hormones, salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate, on cell wall biosynthesis and biomass digestibility in Brachypodium distachyon, a species recently considered as a suitable model for biomass conversion. We found that in response to salicylic acid or methyl jasmonate treatment, plant growth was reduced coupled with significant changes in cell wall composition. Cellulose content increased in response to methyl jasmonate whereas a reduction in lignin content was found after salicylic acid application. Moreover, hemicellulose composition was altered and increases in caffeic acid, ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid content were detected in response to both treatments. The hormonal profile and the expression pattern of genes involved in cell wall biosynthesis were also modified. Biomass digestibility was reduced in leaf tissue after salicylic acid treatment and was negatively correlated with ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid content. The results obtained here aid in our understanding of cell wall dynamics in response to stress and will enable the development of new strategies to improve cell wall digestibility in bioenergy feedstock.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0168945217301863

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