5 years ago

Contrasting responses of phosphatase kinetic parameters to nitrogen and phosphorus additions in forest soils

Contrasting responses of phosphatase kinetic parameters to nitrogen and phosphorus additions in forest soils
Yakov Kuzyakov, Xinyu Zhang, Xiaomin Sun, Shuli Niu, Huimin Wang, Guirui Yu, Yang Yang, Dashuan Tian, Chuang Zhang, Evgenia Blagodatskaya, Yuqian Tang, Shuang Liu, Hao Yang
Global changes include increasing nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) deposition, which affect microbial nutrient demand and biogeochemical cycles. The responses of P-mineralizing enzymes to these global change components are poorly defined and are not specified in forest soils differing in P content. We chose one site in a P-rich and two sites in P-poor forests and established sixteen 20 × 20 m plots at each site. Control, either N only, P only, or combined N and P, were randomly distributed through each forest site with four replicates. We investigated the effects of N and P additions over 4 years on the phosphomonoesterase potential activity (Vmax), its half-saturation constant (Km) and its catalytic efficiency (Vmax/Km). Without N and P additions, the enzyme kinetic parameters Vmax, Km and Vmax/Km were higher in P-rich than in P-poor forest soils. These parameters increased with soil pH, SOC, TN and TP contents increased. Remarkably, P additions caused the Vmax and Km to increase in P-rich soils, but had no effect on Vmax/Km. P additions to P-poor soils resulted in a decrease in the Vmax/Km via the inhibitory effects of inorganic P on the Vmax. N additions had no effect on the Vmax/Km in P-rich and P-poor soils because of the similar increases in the Vmax and Km. The effects of combined N and P and P only additions to P-poor soils on the Vmax and Km were similar, but were stronger than the effects of N only or P only additions on the P-rich soils. Phosphatase kinetic parameters were positively related to the availability of N and P in P-rich soils, but inorganic P inhibited phosphatase activity and caused a decrease in the catalytic efficiency in P-poor soils. More microbial community groups could contribute to the secretion of a broader spectrum of iso-enzymes under combined additions of N and P in P-rich soils. We conclude contrast responses of phosphatase kinetics to P and N inputs in P-rich and P-poor forest soils, while long-term N deposition might mitigate P limitation by increasing phosphatase secretion. plain language summary is available for this article. Plain Language Summary

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12936

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