5 years ago

Interplay of Fluorescence and Phosphorescence in Organic Biluminescent Emitters

Interplay of Fluorescence and Phosphorescence in Organic Biluminescent Emitters
Sebastian Reineke, Karla Roszeitis, Caterin Salas Redondo, Tim Achenbach, Martin Kroll, Michael Thomschke, Paul Kleine
Biluminescent organic emitters show simultaneous fluorescence and phosphorescence at room temperature. So far, the optimization of the room-temperature phosphorescence in these materials has drawn the attention of research. However, the continuous-wave operation of these emitters will consequently turn them into systems with vastly imbalanced singlet and triplet populations, which is due to the respective excited-state lifetimes. This study reports on the exciton dynamics of the biluminophore NPB (N,N′-di(1-naphthyl)-N,N′-diphenyl-(1,1-biphenyl)-4,4-diamine). In the extreme case, the singlet and triplet exciton lifetimes stretch from 3 ns to 300 ms, respectively. Through sample engineering and oxygen quenching experiments, the triplet exciton density can be controlled over several orders of magnitude, allowing us to study exciton interactions between singlet and triplet manifolds. The results show that singlet–triplet annihilation reduces the overall biluminescence efficiency already at moderate excitation levels. Additionally, the presented system represents an illustrative role model to study excitonic effects in organic materials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04529

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04529

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