3 years ago

Work Function Control of Germanium through Carborane-Carboxylic Acid Surface Passivation

Work Function Control of Germanium through Carborane-Carboxylic Acid Surface Passivation
Harrison Mills, Liv K. Heidenreich, Andrew C. Serino, Liban M. A. Saleh, Mary E. Anderson, Paul S. Weiss, Rafal M. Dziedzic, Alexander M. Spokoyny
Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of carborane isomers with different dipole moments passivate germanium to modulate surface work function while maintaining chemical environment and surface energy. To identify head groups capable of monolayer formation on germanium surfaces, we studied thiol-, hydroxyl-, and carboxyl-terminated carboranes. These films were successfully formed with carboxylic acid head groups instead of the archetypal thiol, suggesting that the carborane cluster significantly affects headgroup reactivity. Film characterization included X-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopies as well as contact angle goniometry. Using these carboranes, the germanium surface work function was tailored over 0.4 eV without significant changes to wetting properties.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b10596

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b10596

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