3 years ago

Effect of reduced z-axis scan coverage on diagnostic performance and radiation dose of neck computed tomography in patients with suspected cervical abscess

Michael Maurer, Ahmed E. Othman, Fabian Bamberg, Dominik Zinsser, Julian L. Wichmann, Konstantin Nikolaou, Jakob Weiss, Mike Notohamiprodjo, Dominik Ketelsen

by Jakob Weiss, Michael Maurer, Dominik Ketelsen, Mike Notohamiprodjo, Dominik Zinsser, Julian L. Wichmann, Konstantin Nikolaou, Fabian Bamberg, Ahmed E. Othman

Purpose

To evaluate the effect of reduced z-axis scan coverage on diagnostic performance and radiation dose of neck CT in patients with suspected cervical abscess.

Methods

Fifty-one patients with suspected cervical abscess were included and underwent contrast-enhanced neck CT on a 2nd or 3rd generation dual-source CT system. Image acquisition ranged from the aortic arch to the upper roof of the frontal sinuses (CTstd). Subsequently, series with reduced z-axis coverage (CTred) were reconstructed starting at the aortic arch up to the orbital floor. CTstd and CTred were independently assessed by two radiologists for the presence/absence of cervical abscesses and for incidental and alternative findings. In addition, diagnostic accuracy for the depiction of the cervical abscesses was calculated for both readers. Furthermore, DLP (dose-length-product), effective dose (ED) and organ doses were calculated and compared for CTred and CTstd, using a commercially available dose management platform.

Results

A total of 41 abscesses and 3 incidental/alternative findings were identified in CTstd. All abscesses and incidental/alternative findings could also be detected on CTred resulting in a sensitivity and specificity of 1.0 for both readers. DLP, ED and organ doses of the brain, the eye lenses, the red bone marrow and the salivary glands of CTred were significantly lower than for CTstd (p<0.001).

Conclusions

Reducing z-axis coverage of neck CT allows for a significant reduction of effective dose and organ doses at similar diagnostic performance as compared to CTstd.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180671

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