3 years ago

Molecular Structures and Functions of Chlorophylls-a Esterified with Geranylgeranyl, Dihydrogeranylgeranyl, and Tetrahydrogeranylgeranyl Groups at the 17-Propionate Residue in a Diatom, Chaetoceros calcitrans

Molecular Structures and Functions of Chlorophylls-a Esterified with Geranylgeranyl, Dihydrogeranylgeranyl, and Tetrahydrogeranylgeranyl Groups at the 17-Propionate Residue in a Diatom, Chaetoceros calcitrans
Nami Yamano, Megumi Isaji, Ritsuko Fujii, Tadashi Mizoguchi, Hitoshi Tamiaki, Jiro Harada
The 17-propionate ester group of chlorophyll(Chl)-a in some oxygenic phototrophs was investigated using HPLC. Chls-a esterified with partially dehydrogenated forms of a phytyl group were found in fully grown cells of a diatom, Chaetoceros calcitrans: geranylgeranyl (GG), dihydrogeranylgeranyl (DHGG), and tetrahydrogeranylgeranyl (THGG). Chls-a bearing such esterifying groups were reported to be found only in greening processes of higher plants, and thus these Chls-a have been thought to be biosynthetic precursors for phytylated Chl-a. Their molecular structures were unambiguously determined using 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. In particular, the positions of C═C double bonds in DHGG were identified at C2═C3, C6═C7, and C14═C15, and those in THGG were determined to be at C2═C3 and C14═C15. Notably, the present DHGG was different from the previously determined DHGG of bacteriochlorophyll-a in purple bacteria (C2═C3, C10═C11, and C14═C15). Moreover, thylakoid membranes as well as fucoxanthin-chlorophyll-a/c proteins called FCPs were isolated from the diatom, and their Chl-a compositions were analyzed. Chls-a esterified with GG, DHGG, and THGG were detected by HPLC, indicating that such Chls-a were not merely biosynthetic precursors, but photosynthetically active pigments.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00381

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00381

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