3 years ago

Disruption of Ankyrin B and Caveolin-1 Interaction Sites Alters Na+,K+-ATPase Membrane Diffusion

Disruption of Ankyrin B and Caveolin-1 Interaction Sites Alters Na+,K+-ATPase Membrane Diffusion
Werner Zuschratter, Vladana Vukojević, Thomas Friedrich, Neslihan N. Tavraz, Cornelia Junghans, Franz-Josef Schmitt, Eugene G. Maksimov

Abstract

The Na+,K+-ATPase is a plasma membrane ion transporter of high physiological importance for ion homeostasis and cellular excitability in electrically active tissues. Mutations in the genes coding for Na+,K+-ATPase α-subunit isoforms lead to severe human pathologies including Familial Hemiplegic Migraine type 2, Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood, Rapid-onset Dystonia Parkinsonism, or epilepsy. Many of the reported mutations lead to change- or loss-of-function effects, whereas others do not alter the functional properties, but lead to, e.g., reduced protein stability, reduced protein expression, or defective plasma membrane targeting. Na+,K+-ATPase frequently assembles with other membrane transporters or cellular matrix proteins in specialized plasma membrane microdomains, but the effects of these interactions on targeting or protein mobility are elusive so far. Mutation of established interaction motifs of the Na+,K+-ATPase with ankyrin B and caveolin-1 are expected to result in changes in plasma membrane targeting, changes of the localization pattern, and of the diffusion behavior of the enzyme. We studied the consequences of mutations in these binding sites by monitoring diffusion of eGFP-labeled Na+,K+-ATPase constructs in the plasma membrane of HEK293T cells by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy as well as fluorescence recovery after photobleaching or photoswitching, and observed significant differences compared to the wild-type enzyme, with synergistic effects for combinations of interaction site mutations. These measurements expand the possibilities to study the consequences of Na+,K+-ATPase mutations and provide information about the interaction of Na+,K+-ATPase α-isoforms with cellular matrix proteins, the cytoskeleton, or other membrane protein complexes.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(17)30982-7

DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2017.08.053

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.