3 years ago

Regulation of Mammalian 13-Subunit Cytochrome c Oxidase and Binding of other Proteins: Role of NDUFA4

Regulation of Mammalian 13-Subunit Cytochrome c Oxidase and Binding of other Proteins: Role of NDUFA4
Bernhard Kadenbach

Cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) is the final oxygen accepting enzyme complex (complex IV) of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. In contrast to the other complexes (I, II, and III), CcO is highly regulated via isoforms for six of its ten nuclear-coded subunits, which are differentially expressed in species, tissues, developmental stages, and cellular oxygen concentrations. Recent publications have claimed that NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) 1 alpha subcomplex 4 (NDUFA4), originally identified as subunit of complex I, represents a 14th subunit of CcO. Results on CcO composition in tissues from adult animals and the review of data from recent literature strongly suggest that NDUFA4 is not a 14th subunit of CcO but may represent an assembly factor for CcO or supercomplexes (respirasomes) in mitochondria of growing cells and cancer tissues.

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