5 years ago

Two-Dimensional Plasmonic Nanoparticle as a Nanoscale Sensor to Probe Polymer Brush Formation

Two-Dimensional Plasmonic Nanoparticle as a Nanoscale Sensor to Probe Polymer Brush Formation
Assad U. Khan, Guoliang Liu, David Hicks, Clayton Scruggs
Conventional analysis and characterization of polymer brush formation relies on laborious methods that use a quartz crystal microbalance, atomic force microscope, microcantilever, or other tools that measure the concentration change of solutions. Herein we develop a simple and easy method that utilizes intrinsically flat two-dimensional (2D) plasmonic nanoparticles as sensors for unveiling the mechanism of polymer brush formation on surfaces. Via ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy, the plasmonic nanoparticles can be used to determine the amount of polymers near the surface in situ. As the amount of polymers increases near the surface, the nanoparticle characteristic localized surface plasmon resonance wavelength redshifts, and the shift amount corresponds linearly to the polymer density near the surface. By functionalizing the nanoparticles in solutions of thiolated polyethylene glycol (PEG-SH) with or without PEG disulfide (PEG-S-S-PEG), the three-regime kinetics of the polymer brush formation is confirmed. The fast adsorption and slow chain rearrangement in the first regime are found to be the causes of the latent regime. In the latent regime, the adsorbed polymer chains rearrange to anchor their ends onto the surface and contract to liberate space so that other polymer chains can graft onto the surface until saturation. The fundamental understanding gained herein enables the design of surfaces with complex chemistries and properties, which can find broad applications in responsive sensors, films, and coatings. Moreover, the novel analytical method of using 2D plasmonic nanoparticle as a sensor to understand the polymer brush formation is applicable to investigating the grafting of other molecules such as self-assembled monolayers, protein, and DNA.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01361

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b01361

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.