3 years ago

Hydrogen Peroxide Response in Leaves of Poplar (Populus simonii × Populus nigra) Revealed from Physiological and Proteomic Analyses.

Jin, She, Jiang, Chen, Gao, Sun, Dai, Yu
Hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) is one of the most abundant reactive oxygen species (ROS), which plays dual roles as a toxic byproduct of cell metabolism and a regulatory signal molecule in plant development and stress response. Populus simonii × Populus nigra is an important cultivated forest species with resistance to cold, drought, insect and disease, and also a key model plant for forest genetic engineering. In this study, H₂O₂ response in P. simonii × P. nigra leaves was investigated using physiological and proteomics approaches. The seedlings of 50-day-old P. simonii × P. nigra under H₂O₂ stress exhibited stressful phenotypes, such as increase of in vivo H₂O₂ content, decrease of photosynthetic rate, elevated osmolytes, antioxidant accumulation, as well as increased activities of several ROS scavenging enzymes. Besides, 81 H₂O₂-responsive proteins were identified in the poplar leaves. The diverse abundant patterns of these proteins highlight the H₂O₂-responsive pathways in leaves, including 14-3-3 protein and nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDPK)-mediated signaling, modulation of thylakoid membrane structure, enhancement of various ROS scavenging pathways, decrease of photosynthesis, dynamics of proteins conformation, and changes in carbohydrate and other metabolisms. This study provides valuable information for understanding H₂O₂-responsive mechanisms in leaves of P. simonii × P. nigra.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3390/ijms18102085

DOI: 10.3390/ijms18102085

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