5 years ago

Direct Imaging of Frenkel Exciton Transport by Ultrafast Microscopy

Direct Imaging of Frenkel Exciton Transport by Ultrafast Microscopy
Tong Zhu, Libai Huang, Yan Wan
Long-range transport of Frenkel excitons is crucial for achieving efficient molecular-based solar energy harvesting. Understanding of exciton transport mechanisms is important for designing materials for solar energy applications. One major bottleneck in unraveling of exciton transport mechanisms is the lack of direct measurements to provide information in both spatial and temporal domains, imposed by the combination of fast energy transfer (typically ≤1 ps) and short exciton diffusion lengths (typically ≤100 nm). This challenge requires developing experimental tools to directly characterize excitation energy transport, and thus facilitate the elucidation of mechanisms. To address this challenge, we have employed ultrafast transient absorption microscopy (TAM) as a means to directly image exciton transport with ∼200 fs time resolution and ∼50 nm spatial precision. By mapping population in spatial and temporal domains, such approach has unraveled otherwise obscured information and provided important parameters for testing exciton transport models.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00155

DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00155

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