3 years ago

Assembly of seed-associated microbial communities within and across successive plant generations

Philippe Simoneau, Matthieu Barret, Ashley Shade, Marie-Agnès Jacques, Samir Rezki, Claire Campion

Abstract

Background and aims

Seeds are involved in the transmission of microorganisms from one plant generation to another and consequently may act as the initial inoculum source for the plant microbiota. In this work, we assessed the structure and composition of the seed microbiota of radish (Raphanus sativus) across three successive plant generations.

Methods

Structure of seed microbial communities were estimated on individual plants through amplification and sequencing of genes that are markers of taxonomic diversity for bacteria (gyrB) and fungi (ITS1). The relative contribution of dispersal and ecological drift in inter-individual fluctuations were estimated with a neutral community model.

Results

Seed microbial communities of radish display a low heritability across plant generations. Fluctuations in microbial community profiles were related to changes in community membership and composition across plant generations, but also to variation between individual plants. Ecological drift was an important driver of the structure of seed bacterial communities, while dispersal was involved in the assembly of the fungal fraction of the seed microbiota.

Conclusions

These results provide a first glimpse of the governing processes driving the assembly of the seed microbiota.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11104-017-3451-2

DOI: 10.1007/s11104-017-3451-2

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