5 years ago

Vertically-Oriented and Shape-Tailored Electrocatalytic Metal Nanowire Arrays for Enzyme-Free Galactosemia Rapid Diagnosis

Vertically-Oriented and Shape-Tailored Electrocatalytic Metal Nanowire Arrays for Enzyme-Free Galactosemia Rapid Diagnosis
María Cristina González, Laura García-Carmona, Alberto Escarpa
Metallic catalytic nanowires such as nickel and copper nanowires (NWs) for electrochemical detection of carbohydrates involved in metabolic rare diseases are proposed. NWs were electrodeposited using a polycarbonate membrane template, which was cut with the desired shape, stuck in double-sided adhesive tape, pasted into a non-conductive substrate and in situ removed. This simple and versatile approach allowed to obtain NWs vertically oriented (v-NWs), which are contained in the double-sided adhesive tape, becoming highly versatile. The high specific surface of working electrode in which the transduction is supported exclusively by the nanomaterial yielded a high analytical performance [extremely low fouling for galactose (RSD<2 %; n=25)]. Likewise, v-NWs exhibited a superior analytical performance with respect to commercial sputtered thick-film electrodes showing also a clear advantage related with the price, as well as with non-need clean room facilities. The analytical potency of the new approach was clearly demonstrated towards the fast and reliable diagnosis of galactosemia using precious newborn urine samples compared to standard clinical diagnosis. These results revealed new opportunities for future enzyme-free diagnosis and development of future point-of-care applications. Nickel and Copper vertical aligned nanowires (NWs) as exclusive flexible electrochemical transducers, cut at tailored shape and size, and pasted in double-sided adhesive tape without extra conductive support for detection of carbohydrates in metabolic diseases.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201701213

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