3 years ago

Spin States of Homochiral and Heterochiral Isomers of [Fe(PyBox)2]2+ Derivatives

Spin States of Homochiral and Heterochiral Isomers of [Fe(PyBox)2]2+ Derivatives
Simon A. Barrett, Rafal Kulmaczewski, Kay E. Burrows, Oscar Cespedes, Malcolm A. Halcrow, Sarah E. McGrath
The following iron(II) complexes of 2,6-bis(oxazolinyl)pyridine (PyBox; LH) derivatives are reported: [Fe(LH)2][ClO4]2 (1); [Fe((R)-LMe)2][ClO4]2 ((R)-2; LMe=2,6-bis{4-methyloxazolinyl}pyridine); [Fe((R)-LPh)2][ClO4]2 ((R)-3) and [Fe((R)-LPh)((S)-LPh)][ClO4]2 ((RS)-3; LPh=2,6-bis{4-phenyloxazolinyl}pyridine); and [Fe((R)-LiPr)2][ClO4]2 ((R)-4) and [Fe((R)-LiPr)((S)-LiPr)][ClO4]2 ((RS)-4; LiPr=2,6-bis{4-isopropyloxazolinyl}pyridine). Solid (R)-3⋅MeNO2 exhibits an unusual very gradual, but discontinuous thermal spin-crossover with an approximate T1/2 of 350 K. The discontinuity around 240 K lies well below T1/2 , and is unconnected to a crystallographic phase change occurring at 170 K. Rather, it can be correlated with a gradual ordering of the ligand conformation as the temperature is raised. The other solid compounds either exhibit spin-crossover above room temperature (1 and (RS)-3), or remain high-spin between 5–300 K [(R)-2, (R)-4 and (RS)-4]. Homochiral (R)-3 and (R)-4 exhibit more twisted ligand conformations and coordination geometries than their heterochiral isomers, which can be attributed to steric clashes between ligand substituents [(R)-3]; or, between the isopropyl substituents of one ligand and the backbone of the other ((R)-4). In solution, (RS)-3 retains its structural integrity but (RS)-4 undergoes significant racemization through ligand redistribution by 1H NMR. (R)-4 and (RS)-4 remain high-spin in solution, whereas the other compounds all undergo spin-crossover equilibria. Importantly, T1/2 for (R)-3 (244 K) is 34 K lower than for (RS)-3 (278 K) in CD3CN, which is the first demonstration of chiral discrimination between metal ion spin states in a molecular complex. A heated switch: Homochiral [Fe((R)-LPh)2]2+ (green; LPh=2,6-bis{4-phenyloxazolinyl}pyridine) undergoes spin-crossover in CD3CN at 34 K lower temperature than its heterochiral diastereomer [Fe((R)-LPh)((S)-LPh)]2+ (red). This is attributed to a more twisted coordination geometry in the homochiral isomer, reflecting a steric clash between phenyl substituents. The equivalent diastereomers of [Fe(LiPr)2]2+ (LiPr=2,6-bis{4-isopropyloxazolinyl}pyridine) are both high-spin.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201700820

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.