3 years ago

Development of robust pressure management strategies for geologic CO2 sequestration

Injecting CO2 into deep geologic formations for permanent storage can potentially lead to leakage or induced seismicity if the overpressures exceed the fracture gradient or fault re-activation pressure. Strategies that remove reservoir fluids before or after injection may reduce these risks. But, even extensively characterized reservoirs can have substantial gaps in characterization necessary for developing optimal deterministic or even probabilistic pressure management strategies. The characterization data may not provide well-defined bounds or distributions of reservoir parameters or conditions (permeability, fault locations, fracture gradient, fault reactivation pressure). To assess the impact of these uncertainties, we present an approach for evaluating alternative pressure management strategies based on their robustness of meeting project performance criteria. We quantify the robustness of alternative strategies against several criteria: (1) exceeding fault re-activation pressure, (2) failing to inject a desired quantity of CO2, (3) exceeding a maximum quantity of extracted brine, and (4) failing to reach a desired extraction efficiency. Our approach allows nuances of competing and complimentary criteria to be quantitatively evaluated in a manner and in a level of detail not possible with optimization approaches. We illustrate the fundamentals of the approach on a simple one-dimensional analytical example using the Thiem equation. We demonstrate the approach using a numerical flow and transport model with uncertain heterogeneous permeabilities using data and site characteristics from the Rock Springs Uplift Carbon Storage Site in southwestern Wyoming.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1750583617301238

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