5 years ago

Photochemical Transformation of Nicotine in Wastewater Effluent

Photochemical Transformation of Nicotine in Wastewater Effluent
managing.editor@est.acs.org (American Chemical Society)
Nicotine is a highly toxic tobacco alkaloid that is ubiquitous in wastewater effluent. For the first time, we report the identification of the products and the pathways for the photodegradation of nicotine in an effluent matrix under simulated solar irradiation. Nicotine was found to be degraded by triplet-state organic matter (3OM*), thus indicating that electron transfer is a preferred reaction mechanism. Using the multivariate statistical strategies orthogonal projection to latent structures discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) and hierarchical clustering, 49 potential transformation products (TPs) of nicotine were successfully extracted from the water matrix via high-resolution ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC–QTOF-MS). Overall, 30 TPs, including 4 groups of nonseparated isomeric photo TPs, were identified with various levels of confidence based on the tandem mass spectrometry information on standard compounds and the isotope-labeling method (using rac-nicotine-2′,3′,3′-D3, rac-nicotine-13CD3, and rac-nicotine-D4) under air-saturated conditions. The pyrrolidine ring of nicotine was found to be the reactive site under sunlight irradiation. Pseudooxynicotine was the main primary TP from nicotine, with a maximum transformation ratio of 64%. Nicotinic acid, cotinine, 3′-hydroxycotinine, and myosmine were the final stable TPs after 72 h of solar irradiation, with yields of 13%, 3%, 5%, and 5%, respectively.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b03223

DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b03223

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.