3 years ago

Nanospecific Phytotoxicity of CuO Nanoparticles in Soils Disappeared When Bioavailability Factors Were Considered

Nanospecific Phytotoxicity of CuO Nanoparticles in Soils Disappeared When Bioavailability Factors Were Considered
managing.editor@est.acs.org (American Chemical Society)
Bioavailability-modifying factors such as soil type and aging have only rarely been considered in assessing toxicity of metal-containing nanoparticles in soil. Here, we examined the toxicity to barley (Hordeum vulgare) of CuO nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) relative to CuO bulk particles (CuO-BPs) and Cu acetate (Cu(OAc)2) in six different soils with or without aging. The set up allows identifying whether or not NPs-derived colloidal Cu in soil porewater contributes to toxicity. Ultrafiltration (50 kDa) was performed together with geochemical modeling to determine {Cu2+} (free Cu2+ activity in soil porewater). Based on total soil Cu concentration, toxicity measured with seedling root elongation ranked Cu(OAc)2 > CuO-NPs > CuO-BPs in freshly spiked soils. The differences in toxicity among the three toxicants became smaller in soils aged for 90 days. When expressing toxicity as {Cu2+}, there was no indication that nanoparticulate or colloidal Cu enhanced toxicity. A calibrated bioavailability-based model based on {Cu2+} and pH successfully explained (R2 = 0.78, n = 215) toxicity of all Cu forms in different soils with and without aging. Our results suggest that toxicity predictions and risk assessment of CuO-NPs can be carried out properly using the bioavailability-based approaches that are used already for their non-nano counterparts in soil.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b01892

DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b01892

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