3 years ago

Energetic costs and biochemical biomarkers associated with esfenvalerate exposure in Sericostoma vittatum

Energetic costs and biochemical biomarkers associated with esfenvalerate exposure in Sericostoma vittatum
Pyrethroid insecticides have been used for decades and their worldwide market continues to increase, despite their high toxicity to non-target insects. Recent studies reveal that it is essential to investigate the secondary mechanisms of action of type II pyrethroids to understand their cellular effects on invertebrates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the lethality, behaviour and physiological alterations and energetic costs in caddisfly larvae exposed to environmentally relevant concentrations of esfenvalerate (ESF). ESF caused both mortality and feeding inhibition of exposed caddisfly larvae: nominal ESF 96 h LC50 was 2.29 μg/L; feeding activity was impaired at concentrations equal or above 0.25 μg/L. At the cellular level, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity was increased on caddisfly larvae exposed to 0.25 and 0.5 μg/L ESF, which might contribute to prevent oxidative damage since levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO) were not altered. The energy budget of exposed caddisfly larvae was impaired by exposure to 0.25 μg/L ESF since sugar and protein contents decreased, while a decline of energy consumption was observed. The analysis of feeding, energy reserves and consumption data through structural equation modelling (SEM) allowed to quantify the direct and indirect effects of ESF exposure on bioenergetics of caddisfly larvae. SEM analysis showed a strong negative direct influence of ESF onto feeding activity, sugars content and energy consumption, highlighting a significant positive relationship between sugars and protein contents. These results show that energy expenditure is related to oxidative defense mechanisms induced by ESF stress that may lead to deleterious effects on growth and development.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S004565351731473X

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