3 years ago

Identification of Protonated Sulfone and Aromatic Carboxylic Acid Functionalities in Organic Molecules by Using Ion–Molecule Reactions Followed by Collisionally Activated Dissociation in a Linear Quadrupole Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer

Identification of Protonated Sulfone and Aromatic Carboxylic Acid Functionalities in Organic Molecules by Using  Ion–Molecule Reactions Followed by Collisionally Activated Dissociation in a Linear Quadrupole Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer
Hilkka I. Kenttämaa, Mckay Easton, Ravikiran Yerabolu, Minli Zhang, Chungang Gu, Huaming Sheng, Joann Max, Raghavendhar R. Kotha, John Kong
Gas-phase reactivity of protonated model compounds with different functional groups toward trimethoxymethylsilane (TMMS) was studied to explore the utility of this reagent in mass spectrometric identification of specific functionalities for potentially rapid characterization of drug metabolites. Only protonated analytes with a carboxylic acid, a sulfone, or a sulfonamide functionality formed diagnostic adducts that had lost a methanol molecule upon reactions with TMMS. Collisionally activated dissociation (CAD) of these methanol-eliminated adduct ions (MS3 experiments) produced characteristic fragment ions of m/z 75, 105, and 123 for sulfones, while an additional methanol elimination was observed for carboxylic acids and sulfonamides. CAD of latter products (MS4 experiments) resulted in elimination of diagnostic neutral molecules CO2 (44 Da) and C2H6O2Si (90 Da) for aromatic carboxylic acids. Both aliphatic carboxylic acids and sulfonamides yield several fragment ions in these MS4 experiments that are different from those observed for sulfones or aromatic carboxylic acids. Potential energy surfaces were calculated (at the M06-2X/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory) to explore the mechanisms of various reactions. In summary, sulfones and aromatic carboxylic acids can be differentiated from each other and also from sulfonamides and aliphatic carboxylic acids based on reactions with TMMS and one or two CAD experiments. Aliphatic carboxylic acids and sulfonamides could not be differentiated from each other.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00817

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b00817

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