5 years ago

Development of a rapid and reliable TaqMan probe-based real-time PCR assay for the detection and enumeration of the multifaceted yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus in dairy products

Kluyveromyces marxianus is a multifaceted yeast used in the dairy, biotechnological, and probiotic industries, and has been implicated in the spoilage of dairy products. Currently, K. marxianus detection involves laborious and time-consuming culture methods. To develop a rapid and reliable detection method for K. marxianus in pure cultures and dairy products, we designed a novel real-time PCR primer/probe set, KM55, which targets the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rRNA gene. In the inclusivity and exclusivity tests, 11 K. marxianus strains tested positive, while 28 closely related microorganisms tested negative; this confirmed 100% sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Further, the KM55 set enabled a linear K. marxianus detection in the range of 100–105 colony-forming units (CFU) per reaction in phosphate-buffered saline, 10% skim milk, and commercial yogurts, with no cross-reactivity with microorganisms of kefir origin. The enumeration of K. marxianus in kefir revealed 5.1 to 6.9 logCFU ml−1 of kefir, depending on the fermentation time, temperature, and grain-milk ratio. K. marxianus was successfully detected in artificially contaminated yogurt samples within 2 h. These results suggest that this method could be an effective and sensitive presumptive screening tool for detecting and enumerating K. marxianus in dairy products.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0023643817306357

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.