5 years ago

The effect of fatty acids on the physicochemical properties of edible films composed of gelatin and gluten proteins

In this study, edible films were prepared with different wheat gluten (GLU) and gelatin (GEL) ratios by the solvent casting technique using glycerol (GLY) or sorbitol (SOR) as plasticizers. Fatty acids (caproic, caprylic, capric, lauric, myristic or palmitic) were also added to a previously selected GLU/GEL/sorbitol film, and the effect of GLU:GEL proportion and type of fatty acid on the film properties were tested. Films plasticized with GLY presented a more significant reduction in the elongation at break (EB). In contrast, films plasticized with SOR did not show a significant difference in the EB. The film's water vapor permeability (WVP) and acid solubility increased with increasing proportions of GEL while the water solubility was decreased. On the other hand, the elongation at break of the films decreased with increasing GEL content, which may be associated with its more rigid structure. The addition of fatty acids resulted in lower WVP and the plasticizing effect was dependent on the degree of interaction with the proteins of the film (identified by thermal analysis). The GLU:GEL proportion and the type of fatty acid affect the film properties (mechanical, solubility, opacity, water vapor barrier), allowing the development of new materials with different and useful functional properties according to the desired application.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0023643817306266

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