3 years ago

Comprehensive proteomic profiles of mouse AApoAII amyloid fibrils provide insights into the involvement of lipoproteins in the pathology of amyloidosis

Comprehensive proteomic profiles of mouse AApoAII amyloid fibrils provide insights into the involvement of lipoproteins in the pathology of amyloidosis
Amyloidosis is a disorder characterized by extracellular fibrillar deposits of misfolded proteins. The amyloid deposits commonly contain several non-fibrillar proteins as amyloid-associated proteins, but their roles in amyloidosis pathology are still unknown. In mouse senile amyloidosis, apolipoprotein A-II (ApoA-II) forms extracellular amyloid fibril (AApoAII) deposits with other proteins (AApoAII-associated proteins) in many organs. We previously reported that R1.P1-Apoa2c mice provide a reproducible model of AApoAII amyloidosis. In order to investigate the sequential alterations of AApoAII-associated protein, we performed a proteomic analysis of amyloid fibrils extracted from mouse liver tissues that contained different levels of AApoAII deposition. We identified 6 AApoAII-associated proteins that constituted 20 of the top-ranked proteins in mice with severe AApoAII deposition. Although the amount of AApoAII-associated proteins increased with the progression of amyloidosis, the relative abundance of AApoAII-associated proteins changed little throughout the progression of amyloidosis. On the other hand, plasma levels of these proteins showed dramatic changes during the progression of amyloidosis. In addition, we confirmed that AApoAII-associated proteins were significantly associated with lipid metabolism based on functional enrichment analysis, and lipids were co-deposited with AApoAII fibrils from early stages of development of amyloidosis. Thus, these results demonstrate that lipoproteins are involved in AApoAII amyloidosis pathology. Significance This study presented proteomic profiles of AApoAII amyloidosis during disease progression and it revealed co-deposition of lipids with AApoAII deposits based on functional analyses. The relative abundance of AApoAII-associated proteins in the amyloid fibril fractions did not change over the course of development of AApoAII amyloidosis pathology. However, their concentrations in plasma changed dramatically with progression of the disease. Interestingly, several AApoAII-associated proteins have been found as constituents of lipid-rich lesions of other degenerative diseases, such as atherosclerosis and age-related macular degeneration. The common protein components among these diseases with lipid-rich deposits could be accounted for by a lipoprotein retention model.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1874391917303500

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