3 years ago

Genome-wide analysis of rice cis-natural antisense transcription under cadmium exposure using strand-specific RNA-Seq

Genome-wide analysis of rice cis-natural antisense transcription under cadmium exposure using strand-specific RNA-Seq
Youko Oono, Takashi Matsumoto, Takayuki Yazawa, Satomi Mori, Hiroyuki Kanamori, Harumi Sasaki
The elucidation of novel transcripts and their expression in response to various stress conditions is necessary to understand the transcriptional network of plants as an adaptation to biotic and abiotic stresses. We performed strand-specific RNA-Seq (ssRNA-Seq) on rice exposed to cadmium (Cd) for 24 h and investigated the expression of cis-natural antisense transcripts (cis-NATs), a class of endogenous coding or non-protein-coding RNAs with sequence complementarity to the opposite strands of RAP transcripts. Many RAP transcripts possessed cis-NATs and these cis-NATs were responsive to some extent. Cis-NATs were upregulated from 26, 266 and 409 RAP gene loci, while 2054, 2501 and 2825 RAP transcripts were upregulated from 38,123 RAP loci under high Cd exposure in roots at 1, 12 and 24 h, respectively. In addition, most of the upregulated cis-NATs showed little upregulation under ABA or cold treatment. A number of cis-NATs were upregulated from less than 35 RAP gene loci in different tissue and time-point combinations under low Cd exposure, suggesting that cis-NATs respond to environmental stress. Furthermore, 409 RAP transcripts with upregulated cis-NATs were classified into three groups based on the expression of the RAP transcripts from the opposite DNA strand, including 138 upregulated, 128 invariable, and 143 downregulated transcripts, although the responses of cis-NATs and RAP transcripts were not always correlated. We have shown that the cis-NATs identified by ssRNA-Seq analysis are novel genes and that some of them are stress-specific and show different responses depending on the degree of stress and tissue. These results improve our understanding of the complete molecular mechanism of plant adaptation to Cd exposure.
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