5 years ago

Rhamnolipid stabilized nano-chlorapatite: Synthesis and enhancement effect on Pb-and Cd-immobilization in polluted sediment

Rhamnolipid stabilized nano-chlorapatite: Synthesis and enhancement effect on Pb-and Cd-immobilization in polluted sediment
Phosphate (P) compounds are usually used as chemical amendment for in situ remediation of heavy metal polluted sediment. However, the low deliverability, weak utilization and potential risk of eutrophication inhibit the application of most P materials. Therefore, rhamnolipid (Rha), a kind of anionic biosurfactant which has algicidal activity, was employed in this study to synthesize a new kind of nano-chlorapatite (nClAP) for Pb and Cd immobilization. Characterization results showed that the Rha stablized nClAP (Rha-nClAP) was uniformly distributed in suspensions within about 5nm. Experimental data demonstrated that the combination of Rha and nClAP could greatly enhance the Pb- and Cd-immobilization efficiencies, promoting their transformation from labile fractions to stable fractions through precipitation or adsorption processes, especially when the Rha approached to its critical micelle concentration. And Rha-nClAP could also decrease both the TCLP-leachable Pb and Cd with maximum reduction efficiencies of 98.12% and 96.24%, respectively, which also presented concentration dependence of Rha. Changes of available phosphorus implied the dissolution of nClAP during the treatment and the detection of organic matter demonstrated that the microorganisms may involve in the remediation.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0304389417307434

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